How to Hand-Feed Wild Birds in Your Backyard
The current 2012-13 winter season has been classified as a “winter finch invasion” year in the United States. Many bird species such as the Common Redpoll, Hoary Redpoll, Pine Siskin, and other finches are moving south from Canada in search of food. It’s still not too late to get some of these birds to hand-feed before they return back north soon!
I believe the Common Redpoll is an excellent bird to hand-feed. While filling the feeders, you may notice this species is often the last to flush and one of the first birds to return. I was amazed at how I was able to hand-feed the redpoll flock in my backyard on my very first day trying this season! Many other species take days, weeks or even months to train!
Below is a video of: How to hand-feed wild birds in your backyard landscape:
Here is the process to hand- feeding wild birds (with an emphasis on the Common Redpoll):
1.) Create an all inclusive backyard environment. The goal is to create an area where the birds have little reason to leave your yard. Once the birds start to get a consistent habit of hanging out in your yard, they will start to get more accustomed to you. A good backyard environment creates a vacuum for other bird species. Birds are in tune with other birds around them and when they notice a lot of activity, they are drawn in.
- Food – Fill your feeders (do not let them go empty!) with proper seed. Common Redpolls prefer thistle seed and sunflower chips.
- Water – Provide on open water source such as a bird bath heater, heated fountain, stream or open water in a pond.
- Shelter – Provide cover through plantings of deciduous and conifer trees and bushes. In the middle of winter, you can put out used Christmas trees after season or collect brush and make brush piles for ground feeding birds.
2.) Timing is everything! When you make your first attempt, try to feed right after a snow or ice storm. The birds will have a hard time finding their natural food sources and will be more likely to feed in your yard. If you do not have a pending storm on the horizon, pick the coldest/cloudiest day you can. Earlier in the morning seems to work best.
3.) Take all but one feeder down for your target species. You now have a large flock of your target species feeding in your yard. It is time to limit the number of feeding ports they can feed on. You want to position the one feeder so it is about chest high next to you when you are standing or sitting on a stool (you can do this by adding extension ropes to your feeders if they are too high).
Note: I do not take ALL of my feeders down when I do this. For example: I leave my suet feeder up for the woodpeckers because my target species, the Common Redpoll, do not eat suet so there is no competition while I attempt to hand-feed. I also continue to feed white millet on the ground for the juncos and cardinals. This ensures that the other birds are still able to feed and do not move on! When designing backyards for customers, I prefer to have bird feeding stations set up in “zones” vs. having all of your feeders on one pole. A few “zone” examples include: Finch, woodpecker, and cardinal zones. This zone-style feeding also pairs well with hand-feeding wild birds. When you are working on feeding the finches, the other birds can still feed in close proximity to you and in essence you are training future hand-feeding target species to get use to you while you are working with the finches.
4.) Stand/sit next to your feeder. When setting up, you want to be standing within arm’s reach of the feeder and turn your face so you can just see the feeder out of the corner of your eye. With seed in your hand, hold it next to the feeder. If you have a tray on your feeder, rest your arm on it so you don’t get tired. Once set-up, you do not want to move a muscle! I also recommend closing your eyes as the birds start to come in.
5.) Wait for the feeding frenzy and then make your move! The birds will start to get vocal and many of them will be more concerned with fighting for a good spot on the feeder than your presence. Slowly start to open your eyes and see how the birds react. Some will stare at you for a few seconds and then keep on feeding. Slowly (a ¼ inch a second!) move your hand toward the birds if they haven’t landed on it yet. Then you can slowly move your hand to the feeder perch and try the “scoop method.” The scoop method involves slowly sliding your finger down the front of the bird and leaving the bird no choice but to jump on your hand or fly off.
6.) Move bird in hand away from feeder. The birds are starting to associate your hand as a feeder. We now want them to get use to your hand out in the open and not touching their perch feeder. Slowly twist your body and arm so the bird in hand is about a foot or two from the feeder and let it feed. Other birds will start to land on your arm and head as they wait to feed on your hand. Keep feeding new birds as they fly directly to your hand.
7.) Optional: Take down remaining feeder. If you really want to create a feeding frenzy, you can take the last feeder down and stand by your feeder pole or branch with hands open. The birds will start to fly from the feeder pole to your hand and eventually straight from the tree to your hand. If you have the time, you can start to practice feeding the birds farther from the feeding station area to get them use to feeding wherever you are in your yard.
– During harsh weather, I recommend that your bird feeding sessions not last more than 30 minutes at a time. Go back indoors and give the birds a break so the other species can continue to feed. This off and on technique is easier on the birds and you! This is also a great time to warm up your hand if you are feeding without gloves on.
– I believe the Common Redpoll is easier to hand-feed than the traditional bird of choice, the Chickadee. This is especially true if you have a large flock of redpolls at your feeder.
– I have not noticed a difference in behavior when feeding the Common Redpoll and the Hoary Redpoll (Some believe that these birds are a variation and not a separate species). Both species seem to be just as likely to hand-feed.
I believe hand-feeding wild birds can be one of the greatest ways to connect with your backyard bird friends. There is something magical about having a wild bird so close and comfortable with your presence. For some odd reason, when my redpoll flock is alarmed and they fly to the trees, the one bird in my hand stays and continues to feed or is the last to fly off. At first I figured it might be the same bold bird of the flock; but after feeding many different males, females, white hoaries, and really white hoaries, I realize it’s not always the same bird. I’m curious if any of you will notice this in your own backyards.
Birding offers many levels of interaction for all skill levels. I have noticed an increase in the amount of young birders joining our local bird groups. Hand-feeding birds is a great way to get the youth hooked on birding! Once the enjoyment of birding has begun, it’s fun to start a bird list of species you have seen. Some examples of types of lists include: state, yard, birds seen on a wire, birds seen in all 12 months of the year, birds found nesting and so on. I keep a state, county and yard list as well as “birds seen while on horseback” and “birds that I’ve hand-fed”. I hope this information helps you add some birds to your “hand-fed” list. I look forward to hearing your comments or questions and hearing your success stories.